Neurological Diseases

Central Nervous System Infections

Opening Hours

Fortis Escorts Hospital, Faridabad

Mon-Sat: 10:00 AM – 04:00 PM

Sunday: Closed


Mediclub Clinic

Mon-Sun: 05:30 PM – 07:30 PM

Thursday: Closed

Sunday: Closed

Infections of the central nervous system affect the brain and spinal cord, usually causing swelling. The consequences of this can be serious but with rapid treatment most cases of central nervous system infection can resolve without long-term neurological damage.

can occur when a pathogen, such as a virus or bacteria, enters the brain. Pathogens can get to the brain via the blood, the nerves, or through a skull fracture. Once inside the central nervous system, bacteria and viruses multiply, and the body responds by triggering inflammation and swelling:

Types of Meningitis

Meningitis can also be spread by person-to-person contact but it is usual for people to have the bacteria that can cause the infection on their skin and in their nose as a harmless commensal organism.

A second form of meningitis, called aseptic meningitis, or viral meningitis, is caused by enteroviruses that can travel from the digestive tract or are spread by insect bites.

Central nervous system infections & Inflamation

Central nervous system infections, like most infections, stimulate an immune response. This involves white blood cells moving to the area of infection to attack the pathogens, which inevitably leads to excess fluid and plasma in the area. This causes inflammation and swelling, which is in itself highly dangerous when this raises fluid pressure inside the skull. In central nervous infections, most of the symptoms are caused by the body’s response.

Meningitis is commonly associated with:

  • A headache, which can be very severe
  • A stiff neck that aches and feels tender
  • Fever
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Feeling confused, and having seizures
  • Photophobia: an aversion to bright light

Some types of infection in the central nervous system can be distinguished by specific symptoms and the severity of symptoms:

  • Bacterial meningitis can cause a rash of red and purple spots on the chest, arms, and legs.
  • Viral meningitis tends to cause less severe symptoms.
  • Encephalitis usually begins with a headache, fever and malaise. This can quickly develop into symptoms that resemble meningitis.